What’s up in the translation industry?
Moscow,
ul. Bolshaya Molchanovka, 34 bld. 2, of. 25
+7 495 504-71-35 from 9.30 till 17.30
info@flarus.ru | Order


Company’s presentation
Online Translation Quote






Interjection "dude"


Евгения
24 January, 2012

The etmyological origin of the word "dude" is debated but the original use of the term dates back to 1870 where the term was used to refer to fastidious men. The use of "dude" as a derogatory term comes from the attitude people had towards surfer culture which began using the term.

Linguist Scott Kiesling from the University of Pittsburgh has published a scholarly paper deconstructing and deciphering the word "dude", contending it is much more than a catchall for lazy, inarticulate surfers, skaters, slackers and teenagers.

According to the study the word derives its power from something he calls cool solidarity - an effortless kinship that is not too intimate. Cool solidarity is especially important to young men who are under social pressure to be close with other young men.

"It's like man or buddy, there is often this male-male addressed term that says, "I'm your friend but not much more than your friend," said Kiesling, whose research focuses on language and masculinity.

To decode the word's meaning, Kiesling listened to conversations with fraternity members he taped in 1993. He also had undergraduate students in sociolinguistics classes in 2001 and 2002 write down the first 20 times they heard "dude" and who said it during a three-day period.

He found the word taps into nonconformity and a new American image of leisurely success.

Anecdotally, men were the predominant users of the word, but women sometimes call each other dudes. Less frequently, men will call women dudes and vice versa. But that comes with some rules, according to self-reporting from students in a 2002 language and gender class included in the paper.

"Men report that they use dude with women with whom they are close friends, but not with women with whom they are intimate," according to the study. His students also reported that they were least likely to use the word with parents, bosses and professors.

Historically, dude originally meant "old rags" - a "dudesman" was a scarecrow. In the late 1800s, a "dude" was akin to a "dandy", a meticulously dressed man, especially out West. It became "cool" in the 1930s and 1940s, according to Kiesling. "Dude" began its rise in the teenage lexicon with the 1981 movie "Fast Times at Ridgemont High".

Over time "dude" lost its sense of foppishness and in certain circles could just mean "fellow, chap." In African American culture in particular, "dude" became an approving designation for any man. California surfing culture eventually followed suit, extending "dude" into a vocative, or a term of address.

Share:


Submit Your Article Most popular Archive
tags: #slang #dude #vocative #interjection #meaning #American English #word #culture #term #linguist


Лингвистическая помощь: "Я весь внимание" или "Я весь во внимании" — как правильно? 7218

Наводим порядок в речи!


Лингвистическая викторина по терминам миллениалов

Каждый третий участник получит по почте сувенир от нашего бюро переводов.


Наконец-то мы сдали этот заказ! 4103

Этой радостной фразой я отмечаю сдачу одного из самых долгих заказов, относительно его объема, в истории нашего бюро переводов.


Party slang: 3 полезных слова для новогодних вечеринок 3973

Время неистовых кутежей наступает, и это повод узнать несколько полезных сленговых словечек, которыми можно было бы описать происходящее с вами и вокруг вас.




Complaints on translation? Or translator errors? 1303

No matter how much we aspire to an impeccable quality of translation, but sometimes errors still have a place to be. Only those who do nothing do not make mistakes.


Как перевести целый документ Word или PowerPoint? 3476

Перевод документов Word и PowerPoint в системе Deepl


Work for Translators 797

Our editors, who collected data from different CVs of translators and systematized experience of work with freelance translator applicants, we have come to the conclusion that it is possible to identify common features in search, selection and testing of translators seeking to cooperation with our agency.


Könsneutralt pronomen har blivit med i Sveriges officiella ordlista 1361

I den nya upplagan av Sveriges officiella ordlista har det könsneutrala pronomenet "hen" införts. Först kom ordet till användning på 1960-talet men stor spridning har pronomenet fått ganska nyligen.


The days of Russian culture will be held in Madeira 1632

The festival of Russian cinema will be held in Funchal in the island of Madeira from 29 April to 2 May. Apart from films, festival organizers offer a very rich program which will include an open multimedia lesson of the Russian language.


Woordelys van sport terme te beskikbaar wees op die amptelike webwerf van Sochi Winter Olimpiese Spele 2536

Die eerste weergawe van `n spesiaal ontwerpte Engels-Russiese woordelys van terme, sowel as `n Frans-Russiese lys van winter sport is beskikbaar op die amptelike webwerf van die XXII Winter Olimpiese Spele en XI Paralimpiese Winterspele reëlingskomitee.



Показать еще



شركة ترجمة Бюро за преводи Бюро перакладаў 翻译社 Překladatelská kancelář Übersetzugsbüro Oversættelse bureau Translation and Proofreading Services Agencia de traducciones Käännöstoimisto Бюро переводов Фларус, Москва Agence de traduction მთარგმნელობითი ბიურო Γραφείο μεταφράσεων अनुवाद एजेंसी Prevodilacki biro Fordítóiroda Penerjemahan Biro Agenzia di Traduzioni 翻訳代理店 번역 회사 Аударма бюросы Орчуулгын товчоо Biuro tłumaczeń Agência de tradução Birou de traduceri Преводилачка агенција Prekladateľská agentúra Tercüme Bürosu Бюро перекладів Văn phòng phiên dịch
Latest translation:
"Патентные инструкции / Patent Instructions", Патенты

translation tags:



Translations in process: 112
Current work load: 31%

Поиск по сайту:




A glossary of sports terms to be available on the official website of Sochi Winter Olympics




Филиппины: новый мировой лидер по изучению английского




January 11 - International Thank You Day



"I got you babe", or The New Edition Of The Oxford English Dictionary


The Language Of The American Indian Tribe Will Be Saved


June 6 as Russian Language Day


24 May - The Day Of Slavonic Alphabet, Bulgarian Enlightenment and Culture


Подписка на рассылку
избранных новостей
(~1 раз в месяц)



Переводы для светодиодной электротехники
LED, УЗО, ИБП - к переводу привлекаются переводчики, знакомые с терминологией электротехнической промышленности и способные понять и перевести техническую документацию.



Глоссарий терминов по геологии (горное давление)
Глоссарий терминов по геологии (горное давление)



Лингвовикторина о голландском языке








Компания

О бюро переводов
Письменный перевод
Локализация сайтов
Редактирование
Вычитка носителем языка
Примеры переводов
Вакансии
Контакты



Бюро переводов Фларус
© 2001-2022

Проекты

Работа для переводчиков
Новости переводов
Поздравления с переводом
Разговорник
Глоссарии и словари
Шаблоны переводов
Выставки в Москве

Контакты

Россия, Москва,
ул. Барклая, 13, стр. 2
схема проезда

Телефон:
+7 495 504-71-35

Заказ: info@flarus.ru