What’s up in the translation industry?
Moscow,
Myasnitskaya st., 24, of. 23
+7 495 504-71-35 from 9.30 till 17.30
info@flarus.ru | Order
Company’s presentation
Online Translation Quote


Japanese language

In process of the translations it needs to remember that in the Japanese language the booky way of speaking and conversational speech are clearly distinguished, the various functional styles are distinguished, graduation of speech in order of politeness is developed, there are colloquialisms and jargons.

Ph. Linn
26 October, 2017

японский язык, преподаватель

From an etymological point of view, the vocabulary of the Japanese language can be divided into three layers: vago, i.e. the native Japanese words, kango, i.e. the words of Chinese origin, and gairaigo, i.e. the lexical borrowings from other languages.

The basic mass of the Cango was adopted by the Japanese language in a period of about VII to XIII, but the many lexical items related to this layer, have been created from Chinese roots in a much later time already in Japan. The earliest Gairaigo were entered into the Japanese language as a result of contact with the Portuguese and Spanish missionaries in the XVI-XVII, as well as with the Dutch traders in the XVII-XIX, accompanied by a translation of treaties and trade agreements.

The different literary languages coexisted in Japan for many centuries. Approximately in VII, when the country had borrowed the Chinese form of government and the Buddhist religion, the classical Chinese language, "Far East Latin", has spread in the Japanese society, which was called kambun in Japan, literally "Han (i.e. Chinese) script". However, already in the VIII, an extensive texts and translations on the actual Japanese (for example, the fragments of the set of myths and legends "Kojiki", a poetic anthology "Man’yoshu").

By the middle of the XIX, the differences between the literary language (received in this era name bungo, letters. "written language") and non-codified conversational speech represented a variety of dialects, have formed.

In the course of modernization of Japanese society in the last third of the XIX, the social movement for the "unity of speech and writing" was developed in the country, thanks to which, the kambun native speakers were practically disappeared to the end of the century. The modern Japanese literary language in the grammatical point of view is based on the kongo norms (more precisely, on the norms of of conversational speech of the residents of wealthy areas of Tokyo in the the end of the last century), and has absorbed all the richness of linguistic forms developed over the centuries within kambun and bungo, in the lexico-phraseological respect. However, the kambun and bungo have not disappeared completely, they are studied today within certain limits, primarily for the purpose of reading and translation of classical literature, and are used in some of the genres of poetry, for the performance the religious cults, etc.


Share:




Your comments

Your name:
Please, enter the code on this picture:


Лингвовикторина по искусственным языкам


Submit Your Article Most popular Archive
tags: Япония, японский, Chinese, Japanese, language, native speaker




شركة ترجمة Бюро за преводи Бюро перакладаў 翻译社 Překladatelská kancelář Übersetzugsbüro Oversættelse bureau Translation Agency, Moscow Agencia de traducciones Käännöstoimisto Бюро переводов Agence de traduction მთარგმნელობითი ბიურო Γραφείο μεταφράσεων अनुवाद एजेंसी Prevodilacki biro Fordítóiroda Penerjemahan Biro Agenzia di Traduzioni 翻訳代理店 번역 회사 Аударма бюросы Орчуулгын товчоо Biuro tłumaczeń Agência de tradução Birou de traduceri Prekladateľská agentúra Tercüme Bürosu Бюро перекладів Văn phòng phiên dịch
Latest translation:
"Перевод очерка", Художественный перевод, Translator №721

translation tags: радость, улыбка, размышлять, ответ, мужчина, голос.

Translations in process: 39
Current work load: 25%

Поиск по сайту:




Японский язык


"Modern" demands on translation quality


World Bibliography Of Translation


International Children's Day


Japanese Recent Natural Disasters Give Rise To New Translation Requests


The Most Spreading Language In The World Is Not English


New study of phonemes Clarifies The Roots And Origins Of Language


Японские гиды-переводчики на всех языках мира приглашают туристов вернуться в страну


Future Of French Language ‘To Be Decided In Brussels’


В Японии продается переводчик с собачьего языка




Подписка на рассылку
избранных новостей
(~1 раз в месяц)

e-mail:





Компания

О бюро переводов
Письменный перевод
Локализация сайтов
Редактирование
Вычитка носителем языка
Примеры переводов
Вакансии
Контакты



Бюро переводов Фларус
© 2001-2017

Проекты

Работа для переводчиков
Новости переводов
Поздравления с переводом
Разговорник
Глоссарии и словари
Шаблоны переводов
Выставки в Москве

Контакты

Россия, Москва,
Мясницкая, д. 24, стр. 3, оф. 23
схема проезда

Телефон:
+7 495 504-71-35

Заказ: info@flarus.ru



Рейтинг@Mail.ru